For married couples, the planning rules are fairly straightforward. For unmarried couples, however, whether same-sex or opposite-sex, the issues concerning financial and estate planning are often quite complex, and the rules cumbersome. This article will highlight some key planning strategies that unmarried couples should consider in order to protect both partners.
When a married person passes away, by law a large portion of the estate, if not all of it, will automatically be given to the surviving spouse. The law oftentimes will operate in a way that protects the spouse, because it is assumed that the deceased would have wanted his or her spouse to have the proceeds of the estate. However, the same legal assumption is not made for unmarried couples, even if they have lived together for decades. This makes it even more important for unmarried couples to plan for their estates than it is for married couples.
Investopedia published an article, titled "Estate Planning Must-Haves For Unmarried Couples," that details some of the documents unmarried couples should have to protect their partners. It includes property titling, life insurance, retirement plans, wills and healthcare advance directives. While the full list may not be necessary for all couples, that determination actually hinges on what a given couple actually needs, and that depends on what the couple has and what their estate planning goals are. In some cases, couples may not want life insurance, for example, or they may wish to focus on getting a trust instead of leaving property division in a will.
The important point is this: if a member of an unmarried couple wants his or her partner to have a portion of the estate, then estate planning must be done. The law will not protect the surviving partner in the same way that it would protect a surviving spouse. However, individuals can do so with good estate plans and the counsel of an experienced estate planning attorney.
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Reference: Investopedia (undated) "Estate Planning Must-Haves For Unmarried Couples"